Monday, July 14, 2014

New race/ethnicity, gender and age population estimates available

Lecia Parks Langston, Senior Economist

The U.S. Census Bureau recently got down to demographic details with the release of its gender, age and race/ethnicity population estimates by county for 2013. This very extensive data release utilizes results from the American Community Survey to update population information. These estimates provide a fascinating peek into the demographic makeup of Utah’s counties. A few salient points follow after the jump:

Although Utah continues to become more racially and ethnically diverse, most counties remain predominately white. In one-third of the state’s counties, whites comprise more than 90 percent of the population.

Due to its high proportion of Native Americans, San Juan remains the only county in Utah with a population that is less than 50 percent white.

Metropolitan Salt Lake and Weber counties display the next lowest white population shares (73 and 77 percent, respectively). On the other hand, Utah’s other two heavily-populated counties, Utah and Davis, are notably less racially and ethnically diverse (84 and 85 percent white).

Several of Utah’s least-populated counties are most likely to exhibit a large white population. Morgan (93 percent), Rich (94 percent) and Daggett (93 percent) show the highest concentrations of whites.

Salt Lake County’s ethnic and racial diversity rises to the forefront in the county-by-county rankings. Salt Lake County maintains the highest Black/African American (1.5 percent), Hispanic/Latino (18 percent), Asian (3.6 percent) and Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (1.5 percent) population shares.

Although Salt Lake and Weber counties maintain the largest shares of Hispanic/Latino residents, several smaller counties also show significant Hispanic populations. Roughly 13 percent of Millard, Wasatch and Carbon counties’ population belong to the Hispanic/Latino ethnic group.

Approximately 45 percent of San Juan County’s population is Native American—a far higher percentage than any other county in Utah. Uintah (7 percent), Duchesne (4 percent) and Grand (4 percent) counties show the next highest proportions of Native American residents.

Most Utahns won’t be surprised to learn that Utah County shows the highest proportion of population under the age of five (10.4 percent). However, many may be surprised to learn that Duchesne shares that top ranking.

South-central Utah tends to maintain the lowest share of under-five population. In Daggett, Wayne, Garfield, Summit, Kane, Grand and Piute counties, less than 6.3 percent of the population is age five or under. A fairly similar pattern emerges for the under-20 population.

Retirement-age dominant populations tend to live in less-populated counties. Residents 65 years and older make up at least 20 percent of Piute, Kane and Daggett counties’ populations. Washington County, with its high share of warmth-seeking retirees, also shows a high percentage of seniors.

Counties with the largest share of working-age adults (20 to 64 years) include Morgan (62 percent), Grand (60 percent) and Salt Lake (60 percent) counties.

Looking forward, several counties show high percentages of baby-boom workers headed toward retirement in the next decade. Kane, Daggett, Grand and Garfield counties all display at least 15 percent of their populations in the 55-64 year-old age range.

The accompanying visualization provides just a glimpse into the detail that is available for download from the U.S. Census Bureau. Use the visualization to compare counties based on race-ethnicity and age. Plus, the “County Detail” tab provides a relatively comprehensive county-level data set which you can download (use the icon at the bottom center of the visualization). To download the complete data set, click here.

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